Park Guell in Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona

capital of Catalonia and second largest city in Spain

One of the 21 Finalists

Barcelona

Barcelonès, Barcelona Province & Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona (/bɑːrsəˈlnə/, Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə], Spanish: [barθeˈlona]) is the capital city of the autonomous community of Catalonia in the Kingdom of Spain, as well as the country’s second most populous municipality, with a population of 1.6 million within city limits. Its urban area extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 4.7 million people, being the sixth-most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, London, Madrid, the Ruhr area and Milan. It is the largest metropolis on the Mediterranean Sea, located on the coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, and bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range, the tallest peak of which is 512 metres (1,680 ft) high.

Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative center of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia. Besieged several times during its history, Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural center and a major tourist destination. Particularly renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean is located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and also many international sport tournaments.

Barcelona is one of the world’s leading tourist, economic, trade fair and cultural centers, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world’s major global cities. It is a major cultural and economic center in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world (before Zürich, after Frankfurt) and a financial center. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union and 35th in the world with GDP amounting to €177 billion. In 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion; it is leading Spain in both employment rate and GDP per capita change. In 2009 the city was ranked Europe’s third and one of the world’s most successful as a city brand. In the same year the city was ranked Europe’s fourth best city for business and fastest improving European city, with growth improved by 17% per year, but it has since been in a full recession with declines in both employment and GDP per capita, with some recent signs of the beginning of an economic recovery. Since 2011 Barcelona is a leading smart city in Europe. Barcelona is a transport hub with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe’s principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles above 40 million passengers per year, an extensive motorway network and a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe.

Spain

Interesting Facts

Barcelona


Population

37 thousand

Elevation above sea level

12 metre

Area

101.4 km2

Instance of

municipality of Spain, city, city with millions of inhabitants, tourist destination & port city

The Official

New 7 Wonders Cities

Havana

capital city and commercial centre of Cuba

Durban

city in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Doha

capital of Qatar

Vigan

capital city of the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines

Beirut

capital of Lebanon

Kuala Lumpur

capital of Malaysia

La Paz

De facto capital city of Bolivia

Worldmap

The 28 Finalists

Latest News

New7Wonders continues, find out how in our News Room

Bernard Weber: "Have a Wonderful New Year!"

ZURICH, SwitzerlandDear Wonderful FriendsPlease accept my warmest wishes at the start of the New Year. In 2017, let us all adopt the New7Wonders positive vision of life, and inspired by this, we can work together to build a more harmonious and just world.Undoubtedly, the highlight of our past 12…

New7Wonders preliminary report on Chichén Itzá

ZURICH: New7Wonders has completed the first part of the Official New7Wonders VII process for Chichén Itzá, one of the New7Wonders of the World. A preliminary report has been sent to the relevant authorities and civil organisations, for them to consider and respond to.The New7Wonders VII is the ongoing audit…

New7Wonders visit to Chichén Itzá for Verification

ZURICH: New7Wonders has completed its visit to Chichén Itzá, one of the New 7 Wonders of the World, as part of the Official New7Wonders VII process.The N7W VII is the ongoing audit programme conducted by New7Wonders as the world authority for the voted Wonders, to ensure they are able…

Zaha Hadid: A tribute

ZURICH: The Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid, who died yesterday in Miami aged 65, was a distinguished member of the New7Wonders Panel of Experts on two occasions: The New7Wonders of the World and the New7Wonders Cities campaigns. Bernard Weber, the Founder-President of New7Wonders, remembers a remarkable woman, an inspirational designer and…

77 Milestones for New7Wonders

Heard about the "Sydney Splash"? It took place in September 2000 when Bernard Weber, Founder-President of New7Wonders, landed a seaplane in Sydney Harbour to highlight the official nomination of Sydney Opera House as a candidate in the New7Wonders of the World campaign. The dramatic touchdown took place one week before…

Wonderful Content loading...